For a long time, futures and spot hedge is generally designed to detect the price spread, and take orders to hedge when the price spread is met. Can a pending order hedge is designed? The answer is yes. Today, I will bring readers a design idea and code prototype for pending order hedge.

Thinking of Pending Order Hedge

In different markets of the same or the same type of subject matters, opportunities for hedge arise when there is a large difference between the buy and sell orders between the two markets. Generally, we will take the pending orders that meet the price spread and then hold hedging positions. Therefore, there are two purposes of hedge. The first is to hedge against order positions, and the second is to ensure that the price spread between buy and sell maximum meets our expectation. The advantage of pending order trading in this regard is that the fee is lower. The disadvantage is that it is not easy to execute orders, and it is easier to execute single-position orders.

Then, we design the trading idea that pend the bought order in the buy order of market A order book, and pend the sold order in the sell order of market B order book, and then detect our account pending orders, and proceed to the next step for the detected pending order executions. For example, when a pending order change is detected, immediately balance the current hedge positions of futures and spot. For the overflow of the futures and spot positions, open buy or close. According to the increase of the hedging positions, adjust the distance between the next pending order in the market and the first level of the market, gradually hedge to obtain the largest spread.

hedging logic /upload/asset/16dfdfc6f001b757ea44.gif

Code Design

The remarks are written directly in the code. This example is only used for design reference and has only been briefly tested on the OKEX V5 simulated bot. The example is not a complete strategy, so please use it for reference only.

// temporary parameters 
var fuContractType = "quarter"    // futures contract
var fuSymbol = "ETH_USDT"         // futures trading pair 
var spSymbol = "ETH_USDT"         // spot trading pair 
var minAmount = 0.1               // trading amount of each time, minimum trading amount, currency amount 
var step = 40                     // step length of spread 
var buff = 5                      // buffer spread 
var balanceType = "open"          // when the single-position execution is balanced, open buy or close  

var depthManager = function(fuEx, spEx, fuCt, fuSymbol, spSymbol) {
    var self = {}
    self.fuExDepth = null
    self.spExDepth = null 
    self.plusPrice = null
    self.minusPrice = null 

    self.update = function() {        
        spEx.SetCurrency(spSymbol)
        if (!IsVirtual()) {
            fuEx.SetCurrency(fuSymbol)
        }        
        fuEx.SetContractType(fuCt)

        var fuRoutine = fuEx.Go("GetDepth")
        var spRoutine = spEx.Go("GetDepth")
        var fuDepth = fuRoutine.wait()
        var spDepth = spRoutine.wait()
        if (!fuDepth || !spDepth) {
            return false 
        }
        self.fuExDepth = fuDepth
        self.spExDepth = spDepth

        if (fuDepth.Bids.length == 0 || fuDepth.Asks.length == 0 || spDepth.Bids.length == 0 || spDepth.Asks.length == 0) {
            return false 
        }
        self.plusPrice = fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - spDepth.Asks[0].Price   // futures Bid - spot Ask
        self.minusPrice = fuDepth.Asks[0].Price - spDepth.Bids[0].Price  // futures Ask - spot Bid
        return true 
    }

    self.getData = function() {       
        return {
            "fuExDepth" : self.fuExDepth,
            "spExDepth" : self.spExDepth,
            "plusPrice" : self.plusPrice,
            "minusPrice" : self.minusPrice
        }
    }
    return self 
}

var positionManager = function(fuEx, spEx, fuCt, fuSymbol, spSymbol, step, buffDiff, balanceType, initSpAcc) {
    var self = {}
    self.balanceType = balanceType
    self.depth = null 
    self.level = 1
    self.lastUpdateTs = 0
    self.fuPos = []
    self.spPos = []
    self.initSpAcc = initSpAcc
    self.spAcc = null
    self.hedgePos = null
    self.hedgePosPrice = 0
    self.minAmount = 0.01
    self.offset = ["", 0]

    self.update = function() {
        spEx.SetCurrency(spSymbol)
        if (!IsVirtual()) {
            fuEx.SetCurrency(fuSymbol)
        }        
        fuEx.SetContractType(fuCt)

        self.offset = ["", 0]
        var fuRoutine = fuEx.Go("GetPosition")
        var spRoutine = spEx.Go("GetAccount")
        var fuPos = fuRoutine.wait()
        var spAcc = spRoutine.wait()
        if (!fuPos || !spAcc) {
            return false 
        }
        self.fuPos = fuPos
        self.spAcc = spAcc
        if (!self.initSpAcc) {
            return false 
        }
        self.spPos = (spAcc.Stocks + spAcc.FrozenStocks) - (self.initSpAcc.Stocks + self.initSpAcc.FrozenStocks)   // the current one minus the initial one; if the result is a positive number, make long
        // detect fuPos
        if (fuPos.length > 1) {
            return false 
        }
        fuPosAmount = fuPos.length == 0 ? 0 : (fuPos[0].Type == PD_LONG ? fuPos[0].Amount : -fuPos[0].Amount)
        if ((fuPosAmount > 0 && self.spPos > 0) || (fuPosAmount < 0 && self.spPos < 0)) {
            return false 
        }

        fuPosAmount = self.piece2Coin(fuPosAmount)

        self.hedgePos = (fuPosAmount == 0 || self.spPos == 0) ? 0 : (fuPosAmount < 0 && self.spPos > 0 ? Math.min(Math.abs(fuPosAmount), Math.abs(self.spPos)) : -Math.min(Math.abs(fuPosAmount), Math.abs(self.spPos)))
        var diffBalance = (spAcc.Balance + spAcc.FrozenBalance) - (self.initSpAcc.Balance + self.initSpAcc.FrozenBalance)
        if (self.hedgePos == 0) {
            self.hedgePosPrice = 0    
        } else {
            self.hedgePosPrice = fuPos[0].Price - (Math.abs(diffBalance) / Math.abs(self.spPos))
        }
        self.offset[1] = fuPosAmount + self.spPos  // positive number represents long position overflow; negative number represents short position overflow  
        if (fuPosAmount > 0 && self.spPos < 0) {   // reverse arbitrage 
            self.offset[0] = "minus"
        } else if (fuPosAmount < 0 && self.spPos > 0) {
            self.offset[0] = "plus"
        } else if (fuPosAmount == 0 && self.spPos < 0) {
            self.offset[0] = "minus"
        } else if (fuPosAmount > 0 && self.spPos == 0) {
            self.offset[0] = "minus"
        } else if (fuPosAmount == 0 && self.spPos > 0) {
            self.offset[0] = "plus"
        } else if (fuPosAmount < 0 && self.spPos == 0) {
            self.offset[0] = "plus"
        }
        return true 
    }

    self.getData = function() {
        return {
            "fuPos" : self.fuPos,
            "spPos" : self.spPos,
            "initSpAcc" : self.initSpAcc,
            "spAcc" : self.spAcc,
            "hedgePos" : self.hedgePos,
            "hedgePosPrice" : self.hedgePosPrice,
        }
    }

    self.keepBalance = function(depth) {
        var fuDepth = depth.fuExDepth
        var spDepth = depth.spExDepth
        if (self.offset[0] == "plus") {
            if (self.offset[1] >= self.minAmount) {
                if (self.balanceType == "close") {
                    // the spot long position amount is large; close spot long positions 
                    spEx.Sell(-1, self.offset[1])
                } else if (self.balanceType == "open") {
                    // the spot long position amount is large; open futures short positions 
                    fuEx.SetDirection("sell")
                    fuEx.Sell(-1, self.coin2Piece(Math.abs(self.offset[1])))
                }
            } else if (self.offset[1] <= -self.minAmount) {
                if (self.balanceType == "close") {
                    // the futures short position amount is large; close futures short positions  
                    fuEx.SetDirection("closesell")
                    fuEx.Buy(-1, self.coin2Piece(Math.abs(self.offset[1])))
                } else if (self.balanceType == "open") {
                    // the futures short position amount is large; open spot long positions  
                    spEx.Buy(-1, spDepth.Asks[0].Price * Math.abs(self.offset[1]))
                }
            }
            return false 
        } else if (self.offset[0] == "minus") {
            if (self.offset[1] >= self.minAmount) {
                if (self.balanceType == "close") {
                    // the futures long position amount is large; close futures long positions 
                    fuEx.SetDirection("closebuy")
                    fuEx.Sell(-1, self.coin2Piece(self.offset[1]))
                } else if (self.balanceType == "open") {
                    // the futures long position amount is large; open spot short positions 
                    spEx.Sell(-1, self.offset[1])
                }
            } else if (self.offset[1] <= -self.minAmount) {
                if (self.balanceType == "close") {
                    // the spot short position amount is large; close spot short positions 
                    spEx.Buy(-1, spDepth.Asks[0].Price * Math.abs(self.offset[1]))
                } else if (self.balanceType == "open") {
                    // the spot short position amount is large; open futures long positions 
                    fuEx.SetDirection("buy")
                    fuEx.Buy(-1, self.coin2Piece(Math.abs(self.offset[1])))
                }
            }
            return false 
        }
        return true 
    }

    self.process = function(depthManager) {
        var ts = new Date().getTime()
        var depth = depthManager.getData()
        var orders = self.getOrders()
        if (!orders) {
            return 
        }
        self.depth = depth
        var fuOrders = orders[0]
        var spOrders = orders[1]

        if (fuOrders.length == 0 && spOrders.length == 0) {
            // reset level
            if (self.hedgePos == 0) {
                self.level = 1
            } else {
                self.level = Math.max(1, _N(self.hedgePos / self.minAmount, 0))
            }

            // limit the maximum position amount 
            if (Math.abs(self.hedgePos) > 1) {
                return 
            }

            // pend orders 
            var fuDepth = depth.fuExDepth
            var spDepth = depth.spExDepth
            self.update()

            if (self.hedgePos >= 0 && fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - spDepth.Asks[0].Price > 0) {        // positive arbitrage 
                var distance = (step * self.level - (fuDepth.Asks[0].Price - spDepth.Bids[0].Price)) / 2          
                fuEx.SetDirection("sell")
                fuEx.Sell(fuDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance, self.coin2Piece(self.minAmount), fuDepth.Asks[0].Price, "pending order spread:", fuDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance - (spDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance))
                spEx.Buy(spDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance, self.minAmount, spDepth.Bids[0].Price)
            } else if (self.hedgePos <= 0 && spDepth.Bids[0].Price - fuDepth.Asks[0].Price > 0) { // reverse arbitrage
                var distance = (step * self.level - (spDepth.Asks[0].Price - fuDepth.Bids[0].Price)) / 2          
                fuEx.SetDirection("buy")
                fuEx.Buy(fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance, self.coin2Piece(self.minAmount), fuDepth.Bids[0].Price, "pending order spread:", spDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance - (fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance))
                spEx.Sell(spDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance, self.minAmount, spDepth.Asks[0].Price)
            }
        } else if (fuOrders.length == 1 && spOrders.length == 1) {
            var fuDepth = depth.fuExDepth
            var spDepth = depth.spExDepth            
            // judge location
            var isCancelAll = false 
            if (self.hedgePos >= 0 && fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - spDepth.Asks[0].Price > 0) {        // positive arbitrage
                var distance = (step * self.level - (fuDepth.Asks[0].Price - spDepth.Bids[0].Price)) / 2
                if (Math.abs(fuOrders[0].Price - (fuDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance)) > buffDiff || Math.abs(spOrders[0].Price - (spDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance)) > buffDiff) {
                    isCancelAll = true 
                }
            } else if (self.hedgePos <= 0 && spDepth.Bids[0].Price - fuDepth.Asks[0].Price > 0) { // reverse arbitrage
                var distance = (step * self.level - (spDepth.Asks[0].Price - fuDepth.Bids[0].Price)) / 2
                if (Math.abs(spOrders[0].Price - (spDepth.Asks[0].Price + distance)) > buffDiff || Math.abs(fuOrders[0].Price - (fuDepth.Bids[0].Price - distance)) > buffDiff) {
                    isCancelAll = true 
                }
            } else {
                isCancelAll = true 
            }
            if (isCancelAll) {
                self.cancelAll(fuEx, fuOrders)
                self.cancelAll(spEx, spOrders)
                self.lastUpdateTs = 0
            }
        } else {            
            self.cancelAll(fuEx, fuOrders)
            self.cancelAll(spEx, spOrders)       
            self.lastUpdateTs = 0
        }

        if (ts - self.lastUpdateTs > 1000 * 60 * 2) {
            self.update()
            self.keepBalance(depth)
            self.update()
            self.lastUpdateTs = ts 
        }
        LogStatus(_D())   // the status bar can be designed to export the data and the information that need to be observed 
    }

    self.getOrders = function() {
        spEx.SetCurrency(spSymbol)
        if (!IsVirtual()) {
            fuEx.SetCurrency(fuSymbol)
        }        
        fuEx.SetContractType(fuCt)

        var fuRoutine = fuEx.Go("GetOrders")
        var spRoutine = spEx.Go("GetOrders")
        var fuOrders = fuRoutine.wait()
        var spOrders = spRoutine.wait()
        if (!fuOrders || !spOrders) {
            return false 
        }
        return [fuOrders, spOrders]
    }

    // convert currency into contract amount
    self.coin2Piece = function(amount) {
        if (IsVirtual()) {
            if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_Binance") {
                return amount
            } else if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_OKCoin") {
                var price = (self.depth.fuExDepth.Bids[0].Price + self.depth.fuExDepth.Asks[0].Price) / 2
                return _N(amount / (100 / price), 0)
            } else {
                throw "not support"
            }            
        }
        if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_OKCoin") {
            if (fuEx.GetQuoteCurrency() == "USDT") {
                return _N(amount * 10, 0)
            } else if (fuEx.GetQuoteCurrency() == "USD") {
                var price = (self.depth.fuExDepth.Bids[0].Price + self.depth.fuExDepth.Asks[0].Price) / 2
                return _N(amount / (100 / price), 0)
            } else {
                throw "not support"
            }
        } else {
            throw "not support"
        }
    }

    // convert contract amount to currency 
    self.piece2Coin = function(amount) {
        if (IsVirtual()) {
            if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_Binance") {
                return amount
            } else if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_OKCoin") {
                var price = (self.depth.fuExDepth.Bids[0].Price + self.depth.fuExDepth.Asks[0].Price) / 2
                return amount * 100 / price
            } else {
                throw "not support"
            }            
        }
        if (fuEx.GetName() == "Futures_OKCoin") {
            if (fuEx.GetQuoteCurrency() == "USDT") {
                return amount * 0.1
            } else if (fuEx.GetQuoteCurrency() == "USD") {
                var price = (self.depth.fuExDepth.Bids[0].Price + self.depth.fuExDepth.Asks[0].Price) / 2
                return amount * 100 / price
            } else {
                throw "not support"
            }
        } else {
            throw "not support"
        }
    }

    self.cancelAll = function(e, orders) {
        var isFirst = true 
        while (true) {
            Sleep(500)
            if (orders && isFirst) {
                isFirst = false 
            } else {
                orders = e.GetOrders()
            }
            if (!orders) {
                continue
            } else {
                for (var i = 0 ; i < orders.length ; i++) {
                    e.CancelOrder(orders[i].Id, orders[i])
                }
            }
            if (orders.length == 0) {
                break
            }
        }
    }

    self.CoverAll = function() {
        // close all 
        // the one-click function of closing positions can be realized here
    }

    self.setMinAmount = function(minAmount) {
        self.minAmount = minAmount
    }

    self.init = function() {
        while(!self.spAcc) {
            self.update()
            Sleep(1000)
        }
        if (!self.initSpAcc) {  
            var positionManager_initSpAcc = _G("positionManager_initSpAcc")
            if (!positionManager_initSpAcc) {
                self.initSpAcc = self.spAcc
                _G("positionManager_initSpAcc", self.initSpAcc)
            } else {
                self.initSpAcc = positionManager_initSpAcc
            }
        } else {
            _G("positionManager_initSpAcc", self.initSpAcc)
        }
        // print the initial information
        Log("self.initSpAcc:", self.initSpAcc.Balance, self.initSpAcc.FrozenBalance, self.initSpAcc.Stocks, self.initSpAcc.FrozenStocks)
    }
    self.init()
    return self
}

function main() {
    _G(null)       // vacuum the persistent data  
    LogReset(1)    // rest logs 

    // use the following code to switch to OKEX simulated bot
    // exchanges[0].IO("simulate", true)
    // exchanges[1].IO("simulate", true)

    var dm = depthManager(exchanges[0], exchanges[1], fuContractType, fuSymbol, spSymbol)
    var pm = positionManager(exchanges[0], exchanges[1], fuContractType, fuSymbol, spSymbol, step, buff, balanceType)
    pm.setMinAmount(minAmount)

    while (true) {
        if (!dm.update()) {
            Sleep(3000)
            continue
        }

        var cmd = GetCommand()
        if (cmd) {
            // handle interaction 
            Log("interactive command:", cmd)
            var arr = cmd.split(":") 
            if (arr[0] == "") {
                pm.CoverAll()
            }            
        }

        pm.process(dm)
        Sleep(5000)
    }
}

Backtest Analysis

/upload/asset/1715b1287357da8919a8.png

/upload/asset/16e7568c835a02a85ad5.png

It can be seen that orders pending and cancellation are very frequent. From the statistics of the backtest system, the futures platform account lost 0.01666 ETH, and the spot exchange made a profit of 842.23758 USDT. According to the ETH spot price of 4252USDT at the end of the backtest, namely -0.01666 * 4252 = -70.83832000000001. The result plus the spot profit is overall profitable.

However, this is only a backtest, and more detailed problems will be handled in a real bot.

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